a fairly new diagnosis to the DSM-IV manual,
Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD), sometimes
known as Attachment Disorder (AD), is frequently
misunderstood, and is misdiagnosed as Bipolar
Disorder or Attention Deficit Disorder as often
as 70% of the time.
perhaps more so than at any point in history,
kids are apt to be separated, ignored, or
neglected by their birth parents, shuttled
between multiple foster parents and day care
workers, or traumatized by physical, sexual, or
emotional abuse. Even while physically present,
some mothers are yet incapable of providing
adequate care and attention for their children.
kids have learned that the world is unsafe, and
that the adults around them can?t be trusted to
meet their needs. They have developed a
protective shell around their emotions,
isolating themselves from dependency on adult
caregivers. Rather than depending on their
parents or other adults to protect them, the
protective shell becomes the child?s only means
of coping with the world.
only upon themselves for protection, they come
to see anyone who is trying to remove this
protective barrier as a threat, not to their
emotional well being, but to their very lives.
They turn on those who seek to help them the
require attachments with others in order to
develop psychologically and emotionally.
Attachment is the bond that normally develops
between a mother and her child during the first
few years of a child?s life. The quality of this
bond affects the relationships that a person
will have for the rest of his life.
develops in the early years of life when a
mother responds to her baby?s cries by meeting
its needs, appropriately feeding, consoling,
soothing, and comforting, as well as keeping the
infant safe from abuse and harm.
to RAD kids is that they haven?t bonded and are
unable to trust. They have learned that the
adults in their lives are untrustworthy. Trust
hasn?t worked for them. Without trust, there
cannot be love, and without love they are
emotionally underdeveloped. Instead of
love, rage has developed within them.
the first few years of life, at a time even
before they have learned to speak, they have
learned that the world is a scary place, and
that they cannot rely on anyone else to get them