Criteria for a Diagnosis of Aspergers Syndrome
impairment in social interaction involving
some or all of the following:
use of non-verbal behaviors to regulate
to develop age-appropriate peer
of spontaneous interest in sharing
experiences with others.
of social and emotional reciprocity.
repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of
behavior, interests, and activities involving:
with one or more stereotyped and restricted
patterns of interest.
adherence to specific non-functional
routines or rituals.
or repetitive motor mannerisms, or
preoccupation with parts of objects.
most obvious characteristic of persons with
Aspergers is their areas of special interest.
Often, and very early in their life, these kids
will demonstrate an obsessive interest in one
specific area such as math or aspects of science
or history, learning everything possible on the
subject, dwelling on it even during free
periods. Sometimes these areas of interest will
change over time, replaced by new obsessions,
but often the interests will continue through
adulthood, even forming the basis for a career.
common trait of children with Aspergers Syndrome
is the socialization deficit. This differs from
the same characteristics seen in classic autism
in that AS children are usually not as socially
impaired as are children with autism. Once they
get to school age, children with AS often
express an interest in friends and are
frustrated by their socialization difficulties.
normal language skills are a characteristic
separating AS from other forms of autism, there
are differences in how children with Aspergers
use language and how it is used by the
unaffected population. The rote skills are
strong, sometimes very strong, but their spoken
language is often unusual. Sometimes the
language sounds overly formal, slang is misused
or not used at all, and things are often taken
too literally, with major problems dealing with
abstracts. Many children with Aspergers have
problems understanding or appreciating humor,
this in spite of the fact that they are likely
to show an interest in jokes, particularly such
things as puns and word games.
there is little solid information regarding the
likely outcome of children with Aspergers, it
does appear that, compared to other forms of
autism, children with AS are much more likely to
grow up to become functioning adults. While
limitations continue, it is clear that AS does
not preclude the potential for a more normal
adult life. Typically, adults with AS will
gravitate to a profession that relates to their
own area of interest, sometimes becoming
proficient. Success in adulthood appears to be
closely related to intelligence.
For additional information on Asperger?s
syndrome, see the Asperger
Syndrome Education Network. The above has
been a synopsis of information found there.